Mar 22, 2013: Background: Pit latrines are one of the most common human excreta disposal systems in low-income countries, and their use is on the rise as countries aim to meet the sanitation-related target of the Millennium Development Goals.
New Delhi, April 30, 2012: The per capita availability of water in the country is 1545 cubic meters as per the 2011 census. The per capita water availability in the country is reducing progressively due to increase in population. The average annual per capita availability of water in the country, taking into consideration the population of the country as per the 2001 census, was 1816 cubic meters which reduced to 1545 cubic meters as per the 2011 census.
Over-exploitation of groundwater resulting in falling water tables in many regions of the country threatens the sustainability of drinking water sources. To address some of these issues, “Evaluation of the Environmental Protection and Water Resources Management Project”, published in 2004 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) promoted strategies for Environmental Protection and Water Resources Management (EPWRM), between 1995 and 1998, by supporting demonstration projects in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.