New Delhi, May 2, 2013: The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the Rs. 22,507-crore National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) that seeks to address healthcare challenges in towns and cities with focus on urban poor.
The scheme will now be introduced as a sub-mission under the National Health Mission (NHM).
With a vision to ensure that all Indian cities and towns become totally sanitized, healthy and livable, ensure and sustain public health and environmental outcomes for all their citizens, the policy aims at development of state sanitation strategies and city sanitation plans, creation of open defecation free cities & sanitary and safe disposal of all human and liquid wastes.
Part financed by the European Commission and running from December 2009 to November 2012, the project ACCESSanitation is working directly with cities in India and the Philippines to tackle inadequate urban sanitation. The ACCESSanitation project is tackling inadequate sanitation in cities within three regions where the problem is at its most acute, namely south and Southeast Asia and Southern Africa. Read More
The Government of India, Ministry of Urban Development developed and published the “National Urban Sanitation Policy” in 2008. The document is quite comprehensive and detailed. It lays out a vision for urban sanitation in India. It instructs states to come up with their own detailed state-level urban sanitation strategies and City Sanitation Plans. It moots the idea of totally sanitised and open-defecation cities as a target and the setting up of a multi-stakeholder City Sanitation Task Force to achieve this. Environmental considerations, public health implications and reaching the unserved and urban poor are given significant emphasis in the policy. Funding options are laid out including direct central and state support including through existing schemes, public-private partnerships, and external funding agencies. It directs that at least 20% of the funds should be earmarked towards servicing the urban poor. The Center also plans to institute awards to the best performing cities, reminiscent of the Nirmal Gram Puraskar awards for villages.
An aid to cities for ensuring quality while finalizing the draft City Sanitation Plan (CSP) for submission. This Checklist will help cities assess the quality of the draft version of the CSP. The indicators in the Checklist are drawn to measure whether the key dimensions of sanitation are addressed in the contents; and ensure that the process followed in the preparation of the CSP was consultative and has full ownership of the city stakeholders.
India has the second largest urban system in the world with 310 million people and 5,161 cities and towns. Urbanization has become irreversible with the urban population expected to reach 575 million by 2030 at the current rate of growth. The transition to an urban society, however, has neither been accompanied by a corresponding increase in the supply of basic urban services such as water supply and sanitation services, city roads, and public utilities such as street lights and pavements; nor by adequate supply of land and housing.
Urban Renewal is one of the thrust areas in the National Common Minimum Programme of the Government and accordingly Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) was launched on 3rd December 2005 with an investment of Rs.1,00,000.00 crores in Mission period of seven years beginning 2005-06. Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) is one of the components of JNNURM. The Mission is the single largest initiative of the Government of India for planned development of cities and towns.
The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Government of India (GoI), announced the National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP) in December 2008. The NUSP seeks to address the gap in sanitation infrastructure and move Indian cities towards ‘Total Sanitation’ through a ‘systems driven’ approach.
In a recent policy published by the Ministry of Urban Sanitation, Sustainable development concerns (i.e. Enhancement of human well-being broadly) are a recurring theme in India’s development philosophy. Environmental damage and depletion of non-renewable resources needs to be addressed to meet present and future challenges such as climate change (which is likely to affect infrastructure related to water, sanitation, energy, transportation, health-care, fire services and other forms of emergency measures and associated vulnerabilities.
The Eleventh Five Year Plan envisaged an inclusive approach towards health care that encompassed equitable and comprehensive individual health care, improved sanitation, clean drinking water, nutritious food, hygiene good feeding practices and development of delivery systems responsive to the needs of people. Read More