New Delhi, Apr 24, 2013: The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh inaugurated the National conference to celebrate the National Panchayati Raj Day here today. On the occasion, annual awards under “Panchayat Empowerment and Accountability Incentive Scheme” (PEAIS) and “Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar” (RGGSP)) were conferred upon the best performing States and Panchayats. 18 top ranking Gram Panchayats were awarded with “Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Purskar. 193 Panchayats were also received awards for best performance.
Jaipur, Mar 27, 2013: A perceptible transformation in the mind-set of villagers about sanitation, health care and nutrition in 13 districts of Rajasthan as a result of training of elected representatives of panchayati raj institutions has led to major changes at the grassroots.
1.1 Evolution of Local Governance in India
(a) Pre-British Local Governance
India‘s old sacred books and historical sources mention village communities (councils or assemblies) across the sub-continent that were self-governing over millennia, serving as the main interface between the predominantly agrarian village economies and the higher authorities.
(b) Pre-Independence Panchayats
Several steps were taken during British rule in India towards setting-up formal local bodies.
24th April, 2011: The National Panchayati Raj Divas was today observed with a call from the Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh to act collectively in bringing decentralisation of self governance at the grass root level. He said thouth the concept of Self Government has now constitutional and legal recognition but still we have to go a long way. Dr.
Total Sanitation campaign was launched in April 1999, advocating of a shift from a high subsidy to a low subsidy regime, a greater household involvement and demand responsiveness,and providing for the promotion of a range of toilet options to promote increased affordability.
The TSC gives emphasis on Information, Education and Communication (IEC) for demand generation of sanitation facilities, providing for stronger back up systems such as trained masons and building materials through rural
sanitary marts and production centres and including a thrust on school sanitation as an entry p
From Indira Khurana, WaterAid India, New Delhi
Posted 20 June 2007
You are aware that the Nirmal Gram Puruskar (NGP) has been instituted to “add vigour” to the Total Sanitation Campaign. In 2007, the National Committee on Nirmal Gram Puraskar selected 4,437 Gram Panchayats and Block Panchayats from 22 states for awards under NGP. The number of award winners has risen from 40 in 2005, 769 in 2006 to 4437 in 2007. These awards were given by His Excellency the President of India Shri A P J Abdul Kalam.
Individual Health and hygiene is largely dependent on adequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation. There is, therefore, a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta, improper environmental sanitation and lack of personal and food hygiene have been major causes of many diseases in developing countries. India is no exception to this. Prevailing High Infant Mortality Rate is also largely attributed to poor sanitation.
“Results-Framework Document” has been developed and published in 2009-10 by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), is a manual about the rural households have access to and use safe and sustainable drinking water and improved sanitation facilities by providing support to States in their endeavour to provide these basic facilities and services.